A group of researchers from the Daegu Gyeongbuk Institute of Science and Technology and Center for Bio-Integrated Electronics have together developed an electronic skin microsystem. This system will help keep a track of the muscle movements, heart rate, respiration rate, and other vital health signs; followed by the wireless transmission of the data to the smartphone. The new electronic skin microsystem has a number of perfections that has encouraged its use.

Some of the revolutionizing features include the trackers, micro size, flexibility, and self-adhesive nature. The patch made of soft silicone is about 1.5 Inches in terms of diameter. It can be attached anywhere on the body. The lead researcher Kyung-In Jang and John A. Rogers are trying to integrate robotic engineering and science for a better future. The electronic skin has 50 components that are connected by a network of 250 smaller wire coils, which are embedded in the protective silicone.

The soft and flexible nature of the material helps the patch easily attach to the body without any much of hard work required. Once connected, if there is any movement, respiration, or other involuntary action by the muscles, heart, eyes, and brain detected then the data is wirelessly transmitted to the smartphone application. The 3D structure of the wire coils help enhance the flexibility and make the stretching or contracting process easier. The microsystem has all its coils and components arrayed in the spider web pattern and which in turn ensures its durability. The size is miniaturized by tightly packing in all the components.

The elastic base made of silicone stretches like a spring whereas its small wire arcs made of chromium, phosphate, and gold still lay flat on it. The arcs’ one end is connected to the base firmly. The moment the coils contract, the arc rises upward forming a 3D coil. The system does not require any battery to get it working as it is wirelessly powered. The sensor placement, wire length, signal interference, mechanical, electrical, and manufacturing cost are the issues the researchers are currently deeply studying.

Thus, once the electronic skin microsystem commercializes, it can be used for disease treatment and health monitoring purposes. If artificial intelligence is added to the technology then it can prove to be a game changer in the medical industry in terms of data monitoring, collection, and storage. The better treatment and interactive telemedicine systems are the futuristic goals the researchers are trying to achieve.