Pollution is currently the situation every individual living on the planet has to deal with due to the overuse of energy sources, chemical products, and so on. The air pollution is one of the serious problems all the people are facing today. Hence, the researchers are always in the lookout for the perfect solution or find the root cause of the situation.
Recently, a group of researchers is studying whether there is any relation between bugs present in our airways and air pollution. Are the bugs the mediator of effects of the air pollution? Let’s find the answer in the relating texts. According to the researchers, there is a connection between the different species of bacteria in the respiratory tract and pollutants present in the air. This clue can help solve the mystery between the air pollution, bugs, and disease.
It has been previously proved that the air pollution can lead to a number of health risks including strokes, lung diseases, and others. The air pollution is being held responsible for the occurrence of premature deaths on a yearly basis. Though the reason behind the correlation is still unclear, the lead researcher Jacopo Mariani and his team from the University of Milan carried out experiments on a set of people by investigating their different bacterial colonies of the respiratory tract and the effects of pollution on it.
The bacterial colonies of the airway are not only harmless but also very beneficial when it comes to saving the disease contraction process. The researchers monitored the levels of the air pollution along with the genetic sequencing of the different types of bacteria so as to study its beneficial effect. The effects of the pollutants on the diverse bacterial colonies in the nasal cavity show lowering in the levels of bacteria in the host.
As per the researchers, the Actinobacteria group, the healthy microbiome, was lowered to a great extent. The antimicrobial and anti-inflammatory properties of the compounds produced by the bacterial group are what make it important. In the opposite case, the concentration of Moraxella was found to be higher in the respiratory tracts of the people exposed to air pollution.
Thus, it is clear that there is some kind of correlation between the respiratory microbes and air pollutants effect on them. The analysis of the bacteria could help track the disease even before it starts developing in an individual. However, this research is still in its infancy and there is a long way to go.